The main aim of any thesis or research paper is to look for plausible solutions to existing issues in the society. The problem statement defines the issue that your paper will focus on. Therefore, it is the most important document of your research. The role of the statement of problem in research paper is to guide you through the study and to capture the attention of the reader at first glance.
Writing a good statement of the problem introduces your thesis. So, you need to make sure that it is hard-hitting and accurate. Here is a step by step guide to writing the perfect research paper statement of problem.
What Is a Statement of Problem?
Before we delve into the details let us first understand what is problem statement in research paper?
The statement of problem is a concise and crisp explanation of the problem that explains the issue that you propose to tackle in your paper. Most research papers and problem solution research paper topics point out the gaps existing in the current condition and the possible solution to bridge these gaps.
In order to solve any issue or even acknowledge that an issue exists, people need to understand it first. Your statement of problem will help you explain the issue to the reader. It covers the five W’s, namely who, what, when, where and why, of your research paper. A good statement problem is not only used in thesis writing but has an important place incorporates, academic institutions and other organizations where problem-solving is necessary to move forward.
Types of Statement of Problem
There are two primary types of research paper problem statement:
- Quantitative problem statement: These statements identify a given population and different variables that exist. The aim of these statements of problem is to identify the existing relationships between these variables. It also helps understand if there are any negative relationships between variables that need to be solved.
- Qualitative problem statement: This is a broader type of problem statement in research paper that focuses on a particular issue. It is a general statement that defines the reason for your research. These statements of problems may change progressively as you continue with your research.
Whether it is a qualitative or quantitative problem statement, you can derive it from your personal observation or infer it from theory, interviews or review of existing literature. The only thing that matters most for thesis writing is presenting the research paper problem statement in a format that is easy to understand for your readers.
Why Is a Statement of Problem Important
A problem statement in research paper serves multiple purposes:
- It works as a communication tool that introduces a thesis paper.
- It allows you to identify a problem and explain it in a concise manner to give your reader a comprehensive understanding of the entire paper.
- Writing a problem statement also gives the writer a clear understanding of the impact of a certain issue, why it occurs and how it can be solved.
- You can also identify the possible outcomes for a particular issue.
- It becomes a guide for your whole project once it is complete. Throughout your research, you can go back to the problem statement multiple times to maintain the focus of your paper.
- At the end of the research, it can be used to verify if the proposed solutions can be implemented as you had planned, based on the data and findings of your research.
Step by Step Guide To Writing a Statement of Problem
Here is a step by step guide on how to write statement of the problem in research paper:
Step 1: Provide context for the issue addressed
When you begin to write your research paper, you have already identified an issue. Your problem statement needs to provide some context or background about this issue, making it clear for the reader two recognize it.
- You may write about a practical research problem that includes the people who will be influenced by the issue, the origin of the problem and what initiatives can be taken to solve it.
Here is one of the easiest problem statement examples in research paper that covers the above-mentioned details:
“There has been a steady decline in the number of people who are voting in a specific locality or region in the UK. By improving their campaign ideas and methods, political parties can address this issue and increase the voting population. The current approach has not had a significant influence on the voting system.”
- The second type of issue is a theoretical problem. This includes the geographical, scientific and historical aspects of the issue. When you write a research paper problem statement for a theoretical issue, you need to define your understanding of these aspects. The information must be prevalent and time-specific. You may also include some excerpts from existing literature that tackles the same issue.
Here is one example to help you understand this better:
“Over the last few years, the economy of the United Kingdom has impacted the labour market immensely. More than 30% of the workforce consists of freelancers. Extensive research has been conducted to identify the reason for this increase in freelance work. This research covers various aspects like the measure of income, working conditions and work hours. However, the main limitation is that the current research does not provide any information about the experience of people in the United Kingdom economy.”
Step 2: Address the significance of the problem
A problem statement in research paper must tell the reader why the issue that you have picked is important. Make sure that it addresses the relevance of your research. You must also state the consequences of not resolving this issue. This is why, when you choose problem solution research paper topics, make sure you select ones that are feasible and researchable.
Here is an example with reference to a practical research issue:
“The low voting percentage also impacts social cohesion negatively. It can cause civic disengagement. With a decline in the number of voters, the very structure of democracy is at risk. When people do not vote, there is a loss of trust in democracy on the whole. By addressing this issue, both the locals and the political parties stand to gain immensely.”
Here is an example with respect to a theoretical research problem:
“Most studies with respect to increasing demand for freelance work point to convenience or flexibility as the primary reason. However, by including the aspect of experience of employees, new theories may emerge. This information will become vital for authorities to develop policies that are effective in benefiting the market and the economy.”
Whenever you are writing about the relevance or importance of the issue in your college thesis or research paper, experts suggest that you answer the following questions:
- How can solving a particular issue improve our understanding of the given subject?
- What are the primary benefits of investigating the suggested issue.
- Are the consequences of this issue direct or indirect?
- What are the negative consequences of not addressing the issue?
Step 3: Set specific objectives or goals
When writing the problem statement for research paper, you must clearly mention the technique that will be used to solve the issue. Students should emphasize finding the root cause of the issue and then addressing it from the ground up. This is the stage when various suggestions can be provided on tackling it effectively. When you write this part of your problem statement, use infinitive sentences.
For instance, the paragraph can begin with the following phrases:
“The primary aim of my research is to analyse…”
“This research paper aims at….”
The objectives of the paper give an insight into how you plan to achieve a certain goal. The objective usually begins with phrases like “The data will be collected using interviews from….”
Here is an example of goals and objectives for a practical research problem:
“The main goal of this paper is to identify the best engagement strategies to increase the base of voters. It will emphasise finding the primary cause of the declining number of voters. A questionnaire will be provided to a selected demographic to get more information about the reasons why people do not wish to vote or do not think it is important to vote.”
Here is an example of the goals and objectives of a theoretical research problem:
“The aim of this paper is to learn more about the experience of employees in the UK economy. A qualitative technique will be used to gather as much information as possible about the factors that are influencing the shift towards freelance work. I will also study existing literature about the subject for existing data to lay the foundation for my research.”
With these three simple steps, you can create a mock example of problem statement in research paper to understand the flow. If you are still having difficulty with writing the perfect problem statement, you can get the best homework help from us.
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